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Referencing: Harvard

A guide to the referencing styles used at the University of Strathclyde

Harvard Referencing Style Guide

Harvard at Strathclyde

There are many variations of Harvard available and there is no right or wrong version. However, it is important that you use the same version throughout your bibliography or reference list and do not mix and match.

The Harvard style is used in business and we have created a Strathclyde Harvard Library style guide which contains examples for you to follow.

The Harvard style is also used in the School of Government and Public Policy.

Components of a reference

Regardless of the style you choose to use, references  will generally require a selection of the following components:

Author(s) / Editor(s)

Title (book/chapter/journal/article)


Place of publication


Year of publication

Volume number, issue number/month


Electronic and specialist materials may have additional referencing components e.g. the URL and date accessed for websites.

Endnote online (web)

If you use Endnote online (web) we have created a Harvard Strathclyde  that  you can use to create your bibliography. It is recommended that you add it to your favourites - see below.


Cite them right - ebook

Cite them right - print

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