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Referencing: Home

A guide to the referencing styles used at the University of Strathclyde
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Why you should reference

  • To avoid plagiarism - this is when you use someone's ideas or work without acknowledgment
  • To show the authority on which you base your arguments
  • To show how widely you have read
  • To enable others to find your sources

When should you reference?

You should include a reference every time you quote, paraphrase (i.e. write someone's information in your own words), summarise or gain ideas from another person's work.

You should include a reference no matter what format the work takes (e.g. web page, journal article, email or diagram).

Referencing styles

Many Departments and Faculties at the University of Strathclyde also produce their own specific guidance for citation requirements

It is therefore advisable that you confirm these with your department in the first instance.

Reference list or Bibliography

  • A reference list gives details of all the materials you have referred to/cited in your text.
  • A bibliography gives details of all the materials which provided you with information or helped you to formulate your ideas even if they are not directly referred to in your text.