Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Dissertation / Project Support: Referencing

A guide for undergraduate and postgraduate dissertation students
Skills Boost: Referencing Skills Videos

EndNote courses

EndNote online (Web)
This is a practical introduction to EndNote online (Web) reference management software.

EndNote desktop

This is a practical introduction to EndNote desktop that covers all functionality available in the programme.


Why you should reference

  • To avoid plagiarism - this is when you use someone's ideas or work without acknowledgment
  • To show the authority on which you base your arguments
  • To show how widely you have read
  • To enable others to find your sources

When should you reference?

You should include a reference every time you quote, paraphrase (i.e. write someone's information in your own words), summarise or gain ideas from another person's work.

You should include a reference no matter what format the work takes (e.g. web page, journal article, email or diagram).

Reference list or Bibliography

  • A reference list gives details of all the materials you have referred to/cited in your text.
  • A bibliography gives details of all the materials which provided you with information or helped you to formulate your ideas even if they are not directly referred to in your text.

Referencing styles

Many Departments and Faculties at the University of Strathclyde also produce their own specific guidance for citation requirements

It is therefore advisable that you confirm these with your department in the first instance.

Cite them right - ebook

Cite them right - print

Contact us                                Electronic Library Services                              Library Home